Home Introduction Study Area Grouped Fungi Collections

Some years ago, I acquired two pieces of land – one piece on the Manitoulin
Island, on limestone, and one near Orillia, ( Matchedash District, Severn Township) on granite. The flora of these two areas are very different.
The land on Manitoulin Island is now part of the Misery Bay Provincial Park, and the land in Simcoe County has been sold, but an
Ecological Easement, administered by the Couchiching Conservancy, is in place.

In 1995, with the encouragement of Dr John Krug (Royal Ontario Museum) I started to make collections of my findings, dry them, write descriptions, and submit them to herbariums.
 As the years have gone by, various professionals have visited the sites, and helped me with the collections, identifications and descriptions. Other professionals have helped me with some of the identifications from the voucher specimens. Experienced amateurs have helped with the identification, and inexperienced friends have helped with the collections. However, I have been involved in all the collections, photographing, naming and organizing. If others have been involved I have always used the names of the most expert person as the Determinor, although others may have assisted. Bernhardt de Vries, of the Netherlands, deserves special mention, since he visited the Simcoe County site on several occasions, and thanks to him there is a substantial collection of  the rarely studied crust fungi with photographs and detailed descriptions.

Photos were often taken, however, until I acquired a digital camera, and could coordinate the photo with the collection almost immediately, we did not use many of the pictures because of the possibility of confusion. Almost all of the more recent collections have photos – sometimes in the field, sometimes as a collection, and sometimes to demonstrate some microscopic feature. Sometimes a coin is used to give the size, however, mostly this was not done. Sizes of mushrooms appear in the descriptions anyway. Magnification of the microscopic features is not usually given, since the magnification would change depending on the size of the container field which accepts the photos in the database.
 The descriptions are of the specimen collected. This is not intended as a field guide for those wishing to learn the species. My skill in making descriptions and identification has improved over the years. Sometimes an unusual specimen with unusual features is included in the inventory, even though we may suspect that the name is incorrect. Otherwise, valuable data and species might be lost, since specimens must have a name to be filed and retrieved. Some specimens that I could not name have not been submitted to a herbarium – in fact many have been discarded.
Colour charts are a perennial problem. Most colour charts are either very expensive or unavailable, or both. I have the ISCC-NBS Color Charts Standard Sample No. 2106 (Kelly 1965) and these 18 sheets have been the mainstay. Occasionally someone has visited with a different colour chart, and if so, that has been noted.
The species are arranged in groups, using Yves Lamoureux’s system, used in his L’Herbier de Macromycetes du Cercle des Mycologues de Montreal.

I hope this study will increase our knowledge of the ranges of our North American species. No specimens have been added since 2010. Recently very few new species have been found on forays to these areas.